Fractures of Humerus, Radius/Ulna, Femur, and Tibia
Our pet friends can sustain fractures of their long bones due to trauma while playing or unfortunately being involved in hit by car situations. We provide advanced surgical repair of all fractures of the long bones. We follow strict surgical protocols to ensure the safety of your pet.
How are fractures of long bones repaired?
Our veterinary surgeons use AO principles of fracture repair in small animals. Surgical management of the fracture involves either one or a combination of the following techniques:
- Pinning—Stabilizes the fracture by the installation of various sizes and configurations of stainless steel pins, rods, and wires across the fracture line.
- Plating—Involves attaching a contoured stainless steel or titanium plate to the bone using screws on either side of the fracture.
- External fixation—Stabilizes fractures using a series of pins on the outside of the leg that pass through the skin and into the bone on either side of the fracture, then attached together using stainless steel rods.
Dogs generally go home the day following fracture repair. We provide detailed instruction to do at home physical therapy which yields speedy recovery of your pets to normal activity. Healing time is about 8 weeks for most fractures and 95% of our patients return to normal activity. Normal activity means you as an owner would not be able to detect lameness at home, and working dogs can easily go back to helping our community (police dogs, seeing eye dogs, and therapy work dogs).
Potential Complications of These Surgeries
Although limited the main complications are implant failure and infection. We treat infection using antibiotics and implant failure is dealt with removal of implants once the fracture has healed. These complications can occur with too much activity before the bone has healed or our pets licking/chewing at the incision line.
Fracture of humerus repaired with a locking steel plate and lag screws
Fracture of Tibia repaired with a locking steel plate and a rod
Dr. Jha and his team are highly motivated and skilled appropriately to repair many of tibia fractures with a minimally invasive technique, please visit our Minimally invasive Surgery section for more detail on how you can have your pets fracture repaired with small skin wounds and an advance technique. This technique allow bone fractures to heal quicker.